In Cat. 5 and 6 the maximum gross weight increases to 60 tonnes. And the final one is the most important: Cat. 7 is meant for all vehicles that weigh more than 60 tonnes and are higher, wider or longer than the dimensions mentioned in Cat. 1 to 6. In Poland vehicles with an exemption in Categories 1 to 6 are allowed on the road during the day as well as the night. Cat. 7 is an individual exemption. It includes an assessment whether the journey can take place during the day or night and how many escort vehicles are needed. If the height exceeds 4.3 metres a route survey must be carried out. The transport operator must submit a written confirmation showing that the route survey has been carried out. In that case a height of up to 5 metres will be permitted.
Checks and fines
Poland is divided into districts and the inspectors in some of the districts are much more active than in others. The Polish transport operators know exactly where more or indeed fewer checks take place. The fines for infringement of the regulations are clear for the categories 1 to 6: 5,000 Zloty (€ 1,150.-) maximum, but exceeding the weight limits is severely penalised. The largest fines are imposed for passing over a bridge or viaduct without exemption with too high a weight. If the weight is exceeded by more than 20%, the fine will be 15,000 Zloty (€ 3,500.-). On top of that there may be a fine for passing over any bridges. The tariff for this starts at 3,000 Zloty (€ 700.-), but can increase to a far higher amount. Since 2012 the police is no longer active in heavy transport. The haulier needs to notify the road operator (owner) within 7 days prior the transport, if he wants to pass the bridge with 5 or 6 category permission.